What Is the Smallest Country in the World?

Quck answer

The smallest country in the world is Vatican City. It is an independent city-state located within Rome, Italy. Vatican City has an area of approximately 0.44 square kilometers (0.17 square miles) and a population of around 800 residents. It is the spiritual and administrative headquarters of the Roman Catholic Church and is home to St. Peter’s Basilica, the Sistine Chapel, and the Vatican Museums. Despite its small size, Vatican City holds significant cultural and historical importance and attracts millions of visitors each year.

If you have been wondering with us for a while, then you probably already have knowledge about the largest cave in the world. You might have learned all about the biggest jungle. You may even be aware of the largest pile of trash!

However, wonders do not always have to be big. In fact, we believe that some of the most wonderful things in the world are very tiny. There is the smallest mammal and, of course, the smallest house. There is even the smallest state, which has made us think. What is the smallest country in the world?

It turns out, there are plenty of small countries out there. There is Nauru, which is the world’s smallest island country. It covers an area of about 13 square miles. And Monaco is even smaller, with just over one square mile! It is home to the highest per capita population of millionaires and billionaires in the world.

However, neither of those countries is the smallest in the world. No, that title goes to an even tinier nation. With an area of just under a third of a square mile, Vatican City is the smallest country in the world. It is about one-eighth the size of Central Park in New York City!

Vatican City is the headquarters of the Roman Catholic Church. The country is also completely surrounded by the city of Rome, Italy. For many years, the Church had disagreements with the Italian government over sovereignty. In 1929, the Lateran Pacts ended the disputes and established Vatican City as its own nation.

As of 2019, the population of Vatican City is 799 people. It may not be home to a large population, but it is the residence of one of the most famous individuals in the world. Who are we referring to? The Pope, of course!

The Pope has resided in Vatican City since the 14th Century. And each newly elected Pope is not only the new leader of the Catholic Church, but also the head of the government of Vatican City. The Swiss Guard, the world’s smallest army, even works to protect the Pope within the city.

Would you like to visit the smallest country in the world one day? You are not alone! Millions of people travel to Vatican City each year to see some of the greatest treasures in the world. The Sistine Chapel and St. Peter’s Basilica are just two wonders of the smallest country in the world.

Try It Out

Ask a friend or family member to assist you in continuing your exploration with the activities below.

Plan Your Visit to Vatican City!

Are you excited to explore Vatican City? Take a look at this handy map of the city and start planning your itinerary. Which places are you most eager to visit? Jot down your plan and share it with a friend or family member to get their input.

Join the Swiss Guard – A Thrilling Adventure!

Ever wondered what it’s like to be a member of the Swiss Guard? Imagine yourself as part of this elite group entrusted with the Pope’s protection. Write a captivating story detailing your exciting adventures as a Swiss Guard. Be sure to include lots of thrilling details to make your story truly captivating!

Discover Fascinating Facts about Vatican City

Ready to delve deeper into Vatican City? Head over to Kiddle and read more about this incredible country. Explore the pictures and learn interesting facts. Once you’re done, summarize the most captivating information you’ve discovered and share it with a friend or family member.

Check Out These Wonder Sources

  • https://www.britannica.com/place/Vatican-City (accessed 23 Sept. 2019)
  • https://www.history.com/news/10-things-you-may-not-know-about-the-vatican (accessed 23 Sept. 2019)
  • https://kids.kiddle.co/Vatican_City (accessed 23 Sept. 2019)
  • https://www.worldatlas.com/articles/the-10-smallest-countries-in-the-world.html (accessed 23 Sept. 2019)
  • http://worldpopulationreview.com/countries/vatican-city-population/ (accessed 23 Sept. 2019)


1. What is the smallest country in the world?

The smallest country in the world is Vatican City. With a total area of just 0.44 square kilometers, Vatican City is an independent city-state located within Rome, Italy. It is the spiritual and administrative headquarters of the Roman Catholic Church and is ruled by the Pope.

2. How did Vatican City become the smallest country?

Vatican City became the smallest country in the world in 1929 through the signing of the Lateran Treaty between the Holy See and Italy. This treaty recognized the sovereignty and independence of Vatican City, ensuring that it was not considered a part of Italy. Since then, Vatican City has maintained its status as an independent city-state.

3. What is the population of Vatican City?

The population of Vatican City is very small, estimated to be around 800 people. Most of the residents are members of the clergy, including priests, nuns, and Swiss Guards. There are also a few laypeople who work in various roles within the city.

4. What is the significance of Vatican City?

Vatican City holds great significance for the Catholic Church and Christians worldwide. It is home to St. Peter’s Basilica, one of the most important Christian sites, and the Vatican Museums, which house priceless artworks, including Michelangelo’s famous Sistine Chapel ceiling. Additionally, Vatican City is the seat of the Pope, who is considered the spiritual leader of the Catholic Church.

5. Can tourists visit Vatican City?

Yes, tourists can visit Vatican City. It is a popular destination for millions of visitors each year. Tourists can explore St. Peter’s Basilica, the Vatican Museums, and other attractions within the city. However, it is important to note that Vatican City has its own regulations and dress code, and visitors should respect its religious and cultural significance.

6. Is Vatican City a member of the United Nations?

No, Vatican City is not a member of the United Nations. However, it has observer status and can participate in UN General Assembly meetings. Vatican City also has diplomatic relations with many countries and plays an active role in international affairs, particularly in areas concerning peace and human rights.

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