How Do Seeds Germinate?

Have you ever planted a seed and observed its growth? Perhaps you’ve witnessed plants and beautiful flowers appearing magically from the ground every now and then. Let’s go to the Wonderopolis garden and examine what’s happening underground more closely!

All the plants in your surroundings begin their life as a seed. Without seeds, there would be no plants and Earth would be a desolate place that wouldn’t support the various forms of life that surround us every day.

Seeds are typically small, and some are even tiny. Despite their small size, seeds contain food and all the necessary instructions to sprout and become a plant.

When seeds are planted, they initially develop roots. Once these roots take hold, a small plant starts to emerge and eventually breaks through the soil. This is called seed germination. The scientific term for this process is germination.

As the plant grows and starts to produce its own food from nutrients obtained from the soil, it will grow into a larger plant. The seed itself is like a survival kit. It contains the food that the seed needs while it is developing roots and turning into a small plant.

The three essential things for plant growth are light, food, and water. Light, whether from the Sun or an artificial light source (like a light bulb), provides the small plant with the energy it needs to initiate photosynthesis. Photosynthesis is the process by which plants convert light energy into food.

Plants, like all living things, require water. Once a seed sends out roots, these roots will transport water from the soil to the plant. As the plant grows and requires more water, the roots will extend and search for the necessary water in the soil.

When you obtain dry seeds from a gardening store, the seeds are dormant, meaning they are inactive. However, all it usually takes to activate them is to add water. Whether you plant them in moist soil or simply wrap them in a moist paper towel, they will start to come to life.

Surprisingly, scientists still don’t fully comprehend all the processes that occur inside a seed as it comes to life. As the seed absorbs water, the stored food inside begins to be converted into energy in the form of enzymes. These enzymes initiate the process of root growth and sprouting the first parts of the plant. The exact mechanisms of all these processes are still somewhat mysterious, but it is captivating to observe, whether you’re a child or an adult!

Try It Out

Are you ready to witness the germination of some seeds right before your eyes? You don’t need a garden or a lot of space. All you need are some seeds, soil, a container… and a little patience.

For easy-to-follow instructions and helpful tips, simply go online and check out “Plant Seeds & Watch Them Grow.” Remember to ask an adult for permission and assistance with this project. If possible, take plenty of pictures so that you can document the growth of your seeds.

Once you’re done, share your experience with other Wonder Friends by posting comments and pictures on Facebook. We can’t wait to see what your seeds grow into!

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