The Oldest Painting: A Journey to the Origins of Art

Quck answer

The oldest painting known to date is a cave painting found in the cave of El Castillo in Spain. It is estimated to be around 40,800 years old. The painting depicts a red disk and is believed to have symbolic and ritualistic significance for the ancient inhabitants of the cave. This discovery pushes back the earliest known evidence of human artistic expression by thousands of years and provides valuable insights into the cognitive abilities and cultural practices of early humans.

If you have a passion for art, you’re not alone! We share the same love for various forms of art, including paintings, sculptures, architecture, and photography. In fact, we also enjoy creating art ourselves! There’s nothing quite like the feeling of expressing our creativity with a pencil or paintbrush on paper or canvas.

The history of art is a testament to the incredible works of genius from individuals across different backgrounds. Art has been a part of human culture for centuries. You only need to step into an art museum to see the vast collection of ancient paintings that date back hundreds of years.

But here’s an interesting fact: the oldest paintings in the world are not found in art museums. Instead, they are hidden within the walls of ancient caves. Surprising, isn’t it? It turns out that Neanderthal man was the first great artist in human history.

For a long time, art historians believed that the earliest evidence of human artistic activity originated in Western Europe. This belief was based on cave paintings discovered in places like the Chauvet Cave in France and the El Castillo Cave in Spain.

In these caves, researchers found primitive paintings of animals such as lions, horses, and hyenas, along with hand stencils. Experts estimated that some of these paintings could be as old as 40,000 years. One particular painting, a red disk on the wall of the El Castillo Cave in Spain, was estimated to be 40,800 years old, making it the oldest known painting.

However, recent discoveries in Indonesia have revolutionized our understanding of the origins of art. In the karst caves of Sulawesi, an island near Borneo, archaeologists stumbled upon cave paintings several decades ago. However, it was only recently that these paintings were officially dated, and the results were astonishing.

The subject matter of the Sulawesi cave paintings, including hand stencils and animals like warty pigs and miniature buffalos, resembled those found in prehistoric cave paintings in France and Spain. Equally remarkable was the age of these paintings. Scientific dating techniques revealed that the Sulawesi cave paintings were approximately 40,000 years old, challenging the long-held belief that Europe was the birthplace of art.

How did scientists determine the age of these cave paintings? The answer lies in a peculiar phenomenon called “cave popcorn.” Archaeologists noticed calcite deposits, known as coralloid speleothems or “cave popcorn,” that had formed over some of the paintings. These deposits contain trace amounts of radioactive uranium.

Radioactive uranium slowly decays into thorium over time. By measuring the ratio of radioactive uranium to thorium in the layers of “cave popcorn,” scientists were able to estimate the minimum age of the cave paintings underneath. Experts believe that the oldest of the Sulawesi paintings is at least 40,000 years old, but it’s possible that they are even older.

For art historians, the Sulawesi cave paintings represent a significant revelation. They suggest that early works of art were being created independently thousands of miles away at the same time. These findings not only challenge the traditional view that Europe was the birthplace of art but also raise the possibility that art’s origins may date back as far as 100,000 years ago, with Africa being a potential candidate.

Give It a Try

Feeling artistic? Take a look at these activities to do with a friend or family member:

  • Are you feeling inspired? It’s time to unleash your creativity! Gather your easel, a canvas, a palette, and a set of paints. What will you choose to paint? The choice is yours! Let your imagination run wild. You could paint a portrait of a parent or a beautiful landscape. How about an abstract aardvark? Or a black-and-white badger? Test your imagination and create a painting that your friends and family will admire!
  • Have you ever seen ancient cave paintings that are possibly 40,000 years old? If you can’t visit Indonesia, don’t worry! You can view photographs of these incredible works of art by visiting In Photos: The World’s Oldest Cave Art. What do you think? Were these ancient artists skilled or not? Share these images with a friend or family member and ask for their opinion.
  • Up for a challenge? Paint your own vintage portrait! No, you don’t have to wait 50 years after painting it. However, you will need acrylic paints and an idea of what to paint. Once you’re ready to give your painting an antique look, go online and follow the instructions for How To Create a Vintage, Rust, Aged and Crackle Effect with Acrylic Paint. When you’re done, show your painting to friends and family. How old do they think your painting is? Do they think it resembles an antique? Have fun creating an aged painting!


1. What is considered the oldest painting in the world?

The oldest painting in the world is believed to be the cave painting found in the cave of El Castillo in Spain. It is estimated to be around 40,800 years old. The painting depicts a red disk, possibly representing the sun, and is considered a significant discovery in the history of art.

2. How was the oldest painting created?

The oldest painting was created using natural pigments and materials available during that time. The artists of the Paleolithic era used minerals, such as hematite and charcoal, mixed with animal fats or plant extracts as binders. These pigments were applied to the cave walls using brushes made from animal hair or plant fibers.

3. What is the significance of the oldest painting?

The oldest painting holds great significance as it provides insight into the artistic abilities and creative expressions of early humans. It offers a glimpse into the culture, beliefs, and daily life of our ancient ancestors. It also challenges the notion that art emerged only in recent history, showing that humans have been expressing themselves through art for tens of thousands of years.

4. How was the oldest painting preserved for so long?

The oldest painting was preserved for thousands of years due to the natural conditions of the cave. The cave’s stable temperature, lack of light, and minimal air movement helped protect the painting from deterioration. Additionally, the painting’s location deep inside the cave shielded it from external factors that could have caused damage. The preservation of this ancient artwork allows us to study and appreciate our distant past.

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