What is Cerebral Palsy?

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Cerebral palsy (CP) is a neurological disorder that affects movement, muscle tone, and coordination. It is caused by damage to the developing brain, usually before or during birth. CP can vary in severity and may affect different parts of the body, leading to difficulties in walking, talking, and performing daily tasks. Common symptoms include muscle stiffness or weakness, poor coordination, and involuntary movements. Treatment for CP focuses on managing symptoms and improving quality of life through therapies such as physical therapy, occupational therapy, and medication. Early intervention and ongoing support are crucial in helping individuals with CP reach their full potential.


Do you understand the concept of taking something for granted? It means that you are so accustomed to something being the way it is that you do not give it any consideration. For instance, most of us probably assume that we can use our brains to command our bodies to move however we want them to.

While many of us may assume that our brains will effortlessly communicate with the other parts of our bodies whenever we need them to, this is not the case for the millions of people worldwide who have a brain disorder known as cerebral palsy (CP). CP affects muscle tone and the ability to coordinate the body’s movements.

There are three different categories of CP: spastic, athetoid, and ataxic. Individuals with spastic CP, which is the most common type, struggle to relax their muscles, which are often rigid. Individuals with athetoid CP struggle to control their muscles and may experience sudden movements in their arms and legs. Individuals with ataxic CP have difficulties with coordination and balance, resulting in shaky movements.

Individuals with CP may be unable to move, eat, or even speak like others. The effects of CP range from mild to debilitating, depending on which areas of the brain are affected and which parts of the body are controlled by the affected areas. Experts estimate that over 500,000 people in the United States have some form of CP.

Someone with a very mild case of CP may experience unsteady movement that requires crutches or a brace. Others may require a wheelchair because they are unable to move much on their own. Still others may have speech or hearing difficulties, as well as learning disabilities or behavioral problems.

Scientists do not know exactly how CP develops, except that it is the result of brain damage before a baby is born or during the first few months or years of life. Once diagnosed, CP does not worsen over time. However, its effects on the body can change as a person ages and develops. For example, as children with CP grow, problems with specific muscles may worsen as those muscles become larger.

Unfortunately, there is currently no cure for cerebral palsy. Those who have some form of CP must do their best to manage its effects on their bodies. Over the years, scientists have developed a wide range of therapies, treatments, and devices to assist individuals with CP in living their lives to the fullest.

Managing the effects of CP can involve various doctors, surgeons, and therapists. Some individuals may take medications, such as muscle relaxants, while others may require surgeries to correct the alignment of their arms or legs. Still others may need hearing aids, speech therapy, or tutors to address learning disabilities.

Try It Out

Are you prepared to learn more about cerebral palsy? Explore the following activities with a friend or family member:

Cerebral Palsy: Keith’s Story and Inspiring Resources

Are you acquainted with anyone who is affected by cerebral palsy? Discover more about Keith’s remarkable journey in managing his life despite the challenges he encounters by reading Cerebral Palsy: Keith’s Story online.

The Cerebral Palsy Group is a nationwide organization committed to supporting individuals and families who have been diagnosed with cerebral palsy. Access the link to gain further insight into the invaluable information and resources they offer.

Prepare to be inspired! Explore the link to delve into uplifting narratives about artists, athletes, and others who have accomplished extraordinary feats despite the obstacles they face. Share these incredible stories with your loved ones.

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