Who Discovered Mathematics?

We can be certain that more than one student has desired to go back in time and prevent the invention of mathematics. This wish is likely shared for all subjects that result in homework and challenging exams from time to time.

However, even if time travel were possible, it is unlikely that this wish would come true! Why? Mathematics is not really an invention like a light bulb or a computer. It is more of a discovery.

Mathematics encompasses a wide range of studies, and therefore its discovery cannot be attributed to just one person. Rather, mathematics developed gradually over thousands of years with the contributions of numerous individuals!

How did it all begin? No one can say for certain, but we can use our imagination to speculate on the origins of mathematics. For example, if we go back to prehistoric times when humans gathered berries for food, we can envision how this basic task likely led to the need for math.
If you and your prehistoric friend collected a basket full of berries, you would probably agree to divide them equally. First, you would need to determine the number of berries. This would require counting. Perhaps you would even need to come up with names for the basic units of measurement. Could this be how counting and the concept of numbers originated? No one knows for sure, but it is possible.

Similarly, the need to divide a pile of berries evenly might have given rise to the concept of division. How advanced were prehistoric humans in mathematics? Probably not very advanced, but certain mathematical principles likely emerged from everyday life and were discovered or created out of necessity, rather than being invented. Early learning eventually led to the development of more advanced fields of mathematics, such as algebra, geometry, calculus, and trigonometry!

Since many mathematical discoveries were motivated by necessity, it is not surprising that scientists believe that basic mathematical functions, such as addition and multiplication, emerged thousands of years ago in different regions simultaneously, including China, India, Mesopotamia, and Egypt.

The oldest clay tablets with mathematical inscriptions date back over 4,000 years ago in Mesopotamia. The oldest written texts on mathematics are Egyptian papyruses. Considering that these are some of the oldest civilizations on Earth, it is logical to assume that they were the first to uncover the fundamentals of mathematics.

More advanced mathematics can be traced back to ancient Greece over 2,500 years ago. The ancient mathematician Pythagoras had inquiries about the sides of right triangles. His questioning, research, and experimentation led to a basic understanding of triangles that is still studied today, known as the Pythagorean Theorem.

Most experts agree that it was around this time, 2,500 years ago, in ancient Greece that mathematics became an organized science. Since then, mathematical discoveries have inspired other mathematicians and scientists to build upon the work of their predecessors, continuously expanding our knowledge of mathematics and its relationship to the world around us.

Give It a Try

If you want to further explore the concepts discussed in today’s Wonder of the Day, gather a few friends or family members and engage in the mathematical activities below:

  • Imagine being a caveman and think about how you would use math in your daily life for survival.
  • Interview your math teacher to learn about their interest in the origins of mathematics and share what you learned with others.
  • Take a quiz online to test your knowledge of math and its history.


1. Who is credited with inventing math?

The concept of mathematics has been developed and refined over thousands of years by various civilizations and individuals. It is difficult to attribute the invention of math to a single person. However, ancient civilizations such as the Egyptians, Babylonians, and Greeks made significant contributions to the development of mathematical concepts.

2. What were some early mathematical achievements?

Ancient Egyptians developed a system of hieroglyphic numerals and used basic arithmetic operations for practical purposes like measuring land and building structures. The Babylonians developed a base-60 number system and made advancements in algebraic equations. The ancient Greeks, including mathematicians like Pythagoras, Euclid, and Archimedes, made significant contributions to geometry, number theory, and calculus.

3. How did math evolve over time?

Mathematics evolved as different civilizations interacted and exchanged knowledge. The Greeks built upon the mathematical knowledge of the Egyptians and Babylonians, developing more abstract concepts and proofs. During the Islamic Golden Age, scholars further expanded mathematical knowledge, translating and preserving ancient Greek texts. The Renaissance period saw the revival of ancient mathematical ideas and the development of new mathematical techniques.

4. What are some modern advancements in mathematics?

Modern advancements in mathematics include the development of calculus by Sir Isaac Newton and Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz, the discovery of non-Euclidean geometries, the formulation of set theory by Georg Cantor, and the development of abstract algebra and number theory. Additionally, advancements in computer science have allowed for complex mathematical calculations and simulations.

5. Why is math considered a universal language?

Mathematics is considered a universal language because its principles and concepts are applicable across cultures and can be understood without the need for translation. Mathematical symbols and equations have the same meaning regardless of the language spoken. Furthermore, mathematical concepts are used in various fields such as physics, engineering, economics, and computer science, providing a common language for professionals in these disciplines.

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